While the rear seat is a bit flat and low, it's roomy enough to seat three. On the tech front, Ford's optional Sync 3 infotainment touchscreen is highly intuitive and readily accessible. Ford's MyKey system allows parents to program their teenaged driver's key to limit top speed and radio volume, as well as inform them if the car ventures outside of a specific geographic area. However, a backup camera is part of an expensive options package and cargo space is somewhat compromised by the large battery pack.More
Not to be confused with Ford S-Max, Ford I-Max, or Ford B-Max.
The Ford C-Max (stylized as Ford C-MAX and previously called the Ford Focus C-Max) is a compact multi-purpose vehicle (MPV) produced by the Ford Motor Company since 2003. The Ford Grand C-Max has a longer wheelbase.
Ford introduced the C-Max in the United States as its first hybrid-only line of vehicles, which includes the C-Max Hybrid, released in September 2012, and the C-Max Energiplug-in hybrid, launched in October 2012. Although the C-Max was initially available only in Europe, the first generation was partially available in New Zealand.
First generation (2003)
|Also called||Ford Focus C-Max (2003–2007)|
|Assembly||Saarlouis, Germany (Saarlouis Body & Assembly)|
|Platform||Ford C1 platform|
5-speed manual transmission
6-speed manual transmission
|Wheelbase||2,640 mm (103.9 in)|
|Length||4,371 mm (172.1 in)|
|Width||1,825 mm (71.9 in)|
|Height||1,588 mm (62.5 in)|
|Curb weight||1,372–1,527 kg (3,025–3,366 lb)|
C-Max Mk I was the first product to use the Ford C1 platform, also used by the Ford Focus Mk II and the compact MPV Premacy/Mazda5. Its internal code name is C214.
It seats five passengers and has a large amount of cargo space, which can be increased by folding the rear seats flat. Some models feature diagonally sliding outer rear seats. It also shares the control blade independent rear suspension from the Focus.
Engines and transmissions
The available four-cylinder engines are the same as the Focus.
1.6 LDuratec was the basic engine for C-Max, 1.6 L Ti-VCT Duratec was also available.
1.8/2.0 LDuratec HE are the rest of available petrol engines
1.6/2.0 LDuratorq Ford/PSA made diesels were available along with Ford's 1.8 L Endura engine which is upgraded and named Duratorq
|1.6 Duratec||1,596 cc||4/16||100 hp (75 kW; 101 PS) at 6000||146 N⋅m (108 lb⋅ft) at 4000|
|1.6 Duratec Ti-VCT||1,596 cc||4/16||115 hp (86 kW; 117 PS) at 6000||155 N⋅m (114 lb⋅ft) at 4150|
|1.8 Duratec HE||1,798 cc||4/16||125 hp (93 kW; 127 PS) at 6000||165 N⋅m (122 lb⋅ft) at 4000|
|2.0 Duratec HE||1,999 cc||4/16||145 hp (108 kW; 147 PS) at 6000||185 N⋅m (136 lb⋅ft) at 4500|
|1.6 Duratorq||1,560 cc||4/16||90 hp (67 kW; 91 PS) at 4000||215 N⋅m (159 lb⋅ft) at 1750|
|1.6 Duratorq||1,560 cc||4/16||109 hp (81 kW; 111 PS) at 4000||240 N⋅m (177 lbf⋅ft)/*260 N⋅m (192 lbf⋅ft) at 1750|
|1.8 Duratorq||1,753 cc||4/16||115 hp (86 kW; 117 PS) at 3700||280 N⋅m (207 lbf⋅ft) /*300 N⋅m (221 lbf⋅ft) at 1900|
|2.0 Duratorq||1,997 cc||4/16||136 hp (101 kW; 138 PS) at 4000||320 N⋅m (236 lbf⋅ft) /*340 N⋅m (251 lbf⋅ft) at 2000|
Transmissions mated with engines are Ford IB5 (1.6/1.8 Duratec), Ford Durashift (2.0 Duratorq), MTX-75 (2.0 Duratec / 1.6-1.8 Duratorq) manual and Ford Powershift double-clutch transmission available with 2.0 Duratorq. The 4F27E mated with the 2.0 Duratec engine. A CVTautomatic was also available
In December 2006, the facelifted version of the C-Max was revealed at the 2006 Bologna Motor Show and went on sale in late spring 2007. The pre-facelift version of the car (2003–2007) was called the Ford Focus C-Max. The name change to C-Max is attributable to Ford's MPV strategy of creating a 'Max' branded line of MPVs, starting with the Ford S-Max, launched in 2006.
The facelift brought the car in line with Ford's 'Kinetic Design' design language, evidenced through its twin trapezoidal grilles, large wheel arches and angular headlights. However, as the car does not have a bodyshell originally designed for 'Kinetic Design,' Ford officially states that the car contains only 'elements' of the design language.
Second generation (2011)
2012–2018 (United States)
|Model years||2011–2019 (Europe)|
|Assembly||Spain: Valencia (Ford Valencia)|
Germany: Saarlouis (Saarlouis Body & Assembly)
United States: Wayne, Michigan (hybrid)
|Platform||Ford Global C platform|
|Related||Ford Focus Mk III|
|Wheelbase||C-Max: 2,648 mm (104.3 in)|
Grand C-Max: 2,788 mm (109.8 in)
|Length||C-Max: 4,380 mm (172.4 in)|
Grand C-Max: 4,520 mm (178.0 in)
|Width||1,828 mm (72.0 in)|
|Height||C-Max: 1,626 mm (64.0 in)|
Grand C-Max: 1,684 mm (66.3 in)
|Curb weight||C-Max: 1,374–1,550 kg (3,029–3,417 lb)|
Grand C-Max: 1,477–1,697 kg (3,256–3,741 lb)
Alongside the third generation Ford Focus Mk III, the second generation C-Max (C344) is built on Ford's new Global C platform. The appearance is inspired by the Iosis Max concept, shown at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show. In addition, Ford added a long wheelbase, seven-seat minivan variant of the C-Max, the Ford Grand C-Max
The vehicle was unveiled at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show. Early European models include 5 seats, and 7-seat models entered the market at the end of 2010 (except Russia, where there is only the 7-seat model). At the 2011 North American International Auto Show, Ford announced a 7-seat C-MAX for the North American market. However, this model was cancelled prior to launch.
Ford unveiled the Ford C-Max Energi plug-in hybrid and the C-Max Hybrid at the 2011 North American International Auto Show. Like the conventional C-Max, the C-Max Energi and Hybrid are five-seat only. They replace the Ford Escape Hybrid and Mercury Mariner Hybrid since Ford discontinued the Mercury brand after the 2011 model year and the Escape Hybrid after the 2012 year model. The C-Max is Ford's first hybrid-only line of vehicles. Both the plug-in and hybrid version designs are based on the European gasoline- and diesel-powered versions.
The C-Max Hybrid was released in the United States in September 2012 as a 2013 model year, followed by the release of the plug-in Energi version by mid October 2012.
Production of the C-Max Energi in the United States ended in September 2017, while Hybrid production ended in 2018.
The new Mk III platform is the first in its class to support Torque Vectoring Control (TVC).
The redesigned C-Max features flat folding third row seats, a hands free power lift gate, rear view camera, park assist, and panoramic sunroof. HD Radio, Sirius XM, Sync, dual-zone climate control system, and navigation system come as standard or as available options on the different trim lines.
The aerodynamics (drag coefficient, cw) of the car has been improved, being 0,30 for the 5 seater and 0,32 for the Grand C-Max.
Conventional engines and transmissions
Like the previous C-Max, the new C-Max also comes with a range of petrol and diesel four-cylinder engines which are shared with the Focus:
- 1.0 LEcoboost comes available in two states of tune, alongside the 1.6 - 100 hp and 125 hp guises.
- 1.6 L naturally aspirated Duratec Ti-VCT is available in three output levels
- 1.6 LEcoBoost came in two different variants, same as in Focus
- 1.5 LEcoBoost replaced the earlier 1.6 in April 2015; power and torque figures are identical to the 1.6.
- 1.6 8-valve Duratorq TDCi Ford/PSA made diesels are upgraded, Ford's 1.8 L Endura engine is not available any more.
- 1.5 L 16-valve Duratorq TDCi replaced the earlier 1.6 in April 2015.
- 2.0 16-valve Duratorq TDCi Ford/PSA made diesels came in three different output levels; as of April 2015 this engine was overhauled and now only two versions were available.
|1.0 Ecoboost||999||3/12||100 PS (74 kW) at 6000||170 N⋅m (125 lb⋅ft) at 1500-4500||September 2012 – June 2019|
|125 PS (92 kW) at 6000|
|1.6 Duratec Ti-VCT||1,596||4/16||85 PS (63 kW)||141 N⋅m (104 lb⋅ft) at 2500||October 2010 – March 2018|
|1.6 Duratec Ti-VCT||1,596||4/16||105 PS (77 kW) at 6000||150 N⋅m (111 lb⋅ft) at 4000-4500||October 2010 – May 2014|
|1.6 Duratec Ti-VCT||1,596||4/16||125 PS (92 kW) at 6000||159 N⋅m (117 lb⋅ft) at 4000|
|1.5 EcoBoost||1,499||4/16||150 PS (110 kW) at 6000||240 N⋅m (177 lb⋅ft) at 1600-4000||April 2015 – June 2019|
|1.5 EcoBoost||1,499||4/16||182 PS (134 kW) at 6000||240 N⋅m (177 lb⋅ft) at 1600-5000||April 2015 – July 2018|
|1.6 EcoBoost||1,596||4/16||150 PS (110 kW) at 5700||240 or 270 N⋅m (177 or 199 lb⋅ft) at 1600-4000[a]||October 2010 – March 2015|
|1.6 EcoBoost||1,596||4/16||182 PS (134 kW) at 5700||240 or 270 N⋅m (177 or 199 lb⋅ft) at 1600-5000[a]|
|1.5 Duratorq||1,499||4/16||95 PS (70 kW) at 3600||250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft) at 1750-2500||April 2015 – June 2019|
|105 PS (77 kW) at 3600||270 N⋅m (199 lb⋅ft) at 1750||April 2015 – March 2018|
|120 PS (88 kW) at 3600||270 or 300 N⋅m (199 or 221 lb⋅ft) at 1750-2500[b]||April 2015 – June 2019|
|1.6 Duratorq||1,560||4/8||95 PS (70 kW) at 3600||230 N⋅m (170 lb⋅ft) at 1500-2000||October 2010 – March 2015|
|115 PS (85 kW) at 3600||270 or 285 N⋅m (199 or 210 lb⋅ft) at 1750-2500[a]|
|2.0 Duratorq||1,997||4/16||115 PS (85 kW) at 3750||300 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft) at 1500-2250||October 2010 – March 2015|
|140 PS (103 kW) at 3750||320 N⋅m (236 lb⋅ft) at 1750-2750|
|163 PS (120 kW) at 3750||340 N⋅m (251 lb⋅ft) at 2000-3250|
|150 PS (110 kW) at 3500||370 N⋅m (273 lb⋅ft) at 2000||April 2015 – June 2019|
|170 PS (125 kW) at 3500[c]||400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) at 2000-2750|
Transmissions mated with engines are Ford IB5 (1.6 Duratec Ti-VCT), B6 (1.6 EcoBoost/1.6 Duratorq), Durashift MMT6 (2.0 Duratorq) manual and Ford Powershift double-clutch transmission available with the 2.0 Duratorq engine.
The Ford C-MAX was facelifted in 2015 and the 1.6 Ecoboost changed to the three-cylinder 1.0 Ecoboost along with the 1.6 TDCI 115PS Duratorq changing to the 1.5 TDCI single overhead cam unit.
Ford developed the C-Max Hybrid with the aim to become "America’s most affordable hybrid utility vehicle." The gasoline-electric hybrid model base pricing starts at US$24,995, including destination and delivery.
The front-wheel drive hybrid has a 2.0-liter four-cylinder Atkinson cycle engine mated to an electric motor and a 1.4 kWhlithium-ion battery for total power output of 188 hp (140 kW). The top speed in all-electric mode of 65 mph (105 km/h) and the car's top speed in hybrid mode is 115 mph (185 km/h).
The hybrid has a maximum cargo volume of 52.6 cu ft (1,490 L) with rear seats folded flat, and 24.5 cu ft (690 L) in the cargo area behind the rear seats, providing more room than the regular Prius liftback, but less cargo room than the Prius v, which provides 67.3 cu ft (1,910 L) with the rear seats folded.
The Hybrid is offered in two trims:
The SE features eco-friendly cloth seating surfaces, Ford SYNC system with A/M-F/M stereo with single-disc CD/MP3 player, USB and auxiliary input jacks, six speakers, a multi-informational gauge cluster and color display screen, keyless entry, alloy wheels, and split-folding rear bench seat, plus a security alarm.
The SEL adds leather seating surfaces, MyFord Touch with AM/FM HD Radio stereo with single-disc CD/MP3 player and USB and auxiliary input jacks, a Sony premium surround sound system, SIRIUS Satellite Radio, power dual front seats, keyless access, push-button start system, and other luxury features. For the 2017 model year, the SEL trim level on both the C-Max Hybrid and Energi will be renamed to the Titanium trim level and also all the 2017 Ford C-Max Hybrids and plug-in Energis are expected to have restyled headlights and taillights.
The Energi Plug-In Hybrid is only available in SEL trim. But for the 2017 model year the C-Max Energi is also available on the SE trim level.
Ford's design aimed for the C-Max Hybrid to deliver better fuel economy than the Toyota Prius v. Ford had reduced its estimated fuel economy twice, once in 2013 and again in 2014, with the second revision placing fuel economy below the Prius V. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) initially rated the hybrid model at 47 mpg‑US (5.0 L/100 km; 56 mpg‑imp) with the same rating for combined/city/highway cycles. These ratings allowed the C-Max Hybrid to improve the fuel economy of the Toyota Prius v by 3 mpg-US on the city cycle, by 7 mpg-US on the highway cycle and by 5 mpg-US combined. However, after criticism and lawsuits about worse-than-expected real-world fuel economy, in August 2013 Ford voluntarily lowered the EPA ratings and issued customer rebates. The revised fuel economy ratings were reduced to 45 mpg‑US (5.2 L/100 km; 54 mpg‑imp) for city driving, 43 mpg‑US (5.5 L/100 km; 52 mpg‑imp) for combined and 40 mpg‑US (5.9 L/100 km; 48 mpg‑imp) for highway. The revised rating for the updated 2013 C-Max Hybrid is still better than the 42 mpg‑US (5.6 L/100 km; 50 mpg‑imp) combined rating for the Toyota Prius v. A second downward revision was made during June 2014.
Ford boosted the on-road fuel efficiency of its three 2013 model year hybrids through changes in the cars' vehicle control software in an effort to improve customer satisfaction. The upgrade was offered free of charge to existing owners of these hybrids. Some of the changes include:
- Increasing the maximum pure electric speed from 62 to 85 mph (100 to 137 km/h), allowing increased use of electric-only mode on the highway
- Optimizing the use of Active Grille Shutters to reduce aerodynamic drag under more driving and temperature conditions including cold weather, during air conditioner use and when the engine coolant temperature is higher
- Reducing the electric fan speed as a function of coolant temperature to minimize the fan’s energy consumption
- Shortening engine warm-up time by up to 50% to enable electric-only driving and engine shutdown at stops sooner after cold starts
- Optimizing the climate control system to minimize use of the air conditioning compressor and reduce the energy used in cold weather operation.
A total of 969 units were sold during September 2012, allowing the C-Max Hybrid to rank as the ninth-best selling hybrid car in the United States that month. During October, its first full month in the market, 3,182 units were sold, outselling the Prius v by more than 400 units, which had ranked as the fourth most sold hybrid in the previous months. Sales of the C-Max Hybrid also led Ford to achieve its best October hybrid sales month ever with a total of 4,612 sales, up 142% over October 2011. Ford reported that 25% of C-Max Hybrid sales took place in California, with Los Angeles and San Francisco as the top selling regional markets. A total of 10,935 C-Max Hybrids were sold during 2012, and a total of 28,056 units in 2013. After Ford cut the car's EPA fuel economy rating by 4 miles (6.4 kilometers) per gallon to 43 mpg in the middle of 2012, the car experienced its three worst sales months since it debuted in the U.S. Since its inception, a total of 72,330 units have been sold in the United States through December 2015.
Fuel economy controversies
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In December 2012, Motor Trend reported that Consumer Reports and Green Car Reports have found that the 2013 Ford C-Max Hybrid and 2013 Ford Fusion Hybrid, which share the same powertrain, do not deliver their triple 47 mpg‑US (5.0 L/100 km; 56 mpg‑imp) EPA ratings in real-world use. After running both vehicles through Consumer Reports real-world tests, the magazine found that C-Max hybrid achieved a combined fuel economy average of 37 mpg‑US (6.4 L/100 km; 44 mpg‑imp), with 35 mpg‑US (6.7 L/100 km; 42 mpg‑imp) and 38 mpg‑US (6.2 L/100 km; 46 mpg‑imp) for city and highway. Green Car Reports found that the C-Max delivered 37 mpg‑US (6.4 L/100 km; 44 mpg‑imp) over 50 mi (80 km) of mixed freeway and urban driving, and 40 mpg‑US (5.9 L/100 km; 48 mpg‑imp) over 240 mi (390 km) mostly at freeway speeds.
Consumer Reports concluded that the overall fuel economy for the C-Max Hybrid is off by 10 mpg, representing a deviation of about 20%. The consumer magazine said that their overall fuel economy results are usually close to the EPA's combined-mpg estimate, and among current models tested, more than 80% fall within 2 mpg margin. The largest discrepancy the magazine has previously found was 7 and 6 mpg for the Toyota Prius C and the Prius hatchback, respectively. Ford responded in a statement, saying that, "Early C-MAX Hybrid and Fusion Hybrid customers praise the vehicles and report a range of fuel economy figures, including some reports above 47 mpg. This reinforces the fact that driving styles, driving conditions, and other factors can cause mileage to vary."
A few days later the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) said it would review claims that two new Ford hybrid vehicles were not delivering the advertised 47 mpg. Linc Wehrly, Director of Light-duty Vehicle Center Compliance Division at EPA's National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory in Ann Arbor, Michigan commented that hybrids had far more variability in miles per gallon than conventional vehicles. All vehicles are run through the same EPA fuel-efficiency test but the test is not administered by the EPA; instead the automakers conduct the test and EPA often conducts reviews. Most vehicles's real-world gas mileage is less than the EPA sticker number, and can often be 20% less than depending on speed, temperature and other factors. The EPA explained that with hybrids the gap was much wider, as high as 30%.
The problem lay with EPA's rules that allowed automakers to group similar vehicles and apply the same ratings, which Ford did with the Fusion hybrid and C-Max hybrids.
Ford Motor Co. officials said the real-world fuel-efficiency in the C-Max Hybrid depended on driving style and other factors, and that the company did not expect the car's fuel efficiency numbers to change, as they followed EPA's test guidelines. Ford said they we re working closely with the EPA to determine if changes were needed for the industry relative to hybrid vehicle testing. They explained that several factors could affect hybrid fuel economy more than that of regular gasoline engines, including speed (as the difference between 75 mph and 65 mph could produce a 7-mpg difference in fuel economy); outside temperature (the difference between 40 °F and 70 °F could result in a 5 mpg difference); and vehicle break-in (a 5 mpg difference could occur from the difference 0 miles to 6,0 miles).
Due to the criticism and lawsuits, in July 2013 Ford announced it would boost the on-road fuel efficiency of the C-Max and its other two 2013 hybrids through changes in the vehicle control software, in an effort to improve customer satisfaction. In August 2013, the carmaker voluntarily reduced the official EPA ratings in August 2013. They also announced they would issue rebates to some 32,000 C-Max owners who would be notified by mail. The payment would be US$550 to U.S. customers who purchased C-Maxes, and US$325 to customers who had leased them.
After the Ford announcement, the EPA stated that it will update the test procedures used to assign fuel economy ratings to cars "to ensure that the requirements keep pace with industry trends and innovations in advanced high-efficiency vehicles." Ford used the Fusion Hybrid test to generate the fuel economy label for the C-Max Hybrid following EPA's rules. These, which date to the 1970s, specify that automakers can use the same fuel economy numbers for similar-size vehicles equipped with the same engines and transmissions. The EPA requires automakers to test the fuel economy of the biggest-selling model in a specific category. In its midsize hybrid class, Ford tested the Fusion sedan version because it was the top seller, and Ford was allowed to apply the 47 mpg‑US (5.0 L/100 km; 56 mpg‑imp) achieved with the Fusion Hybrid in combined, city and highway driving to the C-Max hybrid. Ford has no plans to change the fuel economy ratings on the 2013 Fusion hybrid.
The C-Max Energi plug-in hybrid started at US$27,995 including the destination fee. According to its battery size, the plug-in car qualified for a federal tax credit of US$4,007, and it is eligible for additional incentives at the state and local level, such as California's US$1,500 rebate.
The C-Max Energi was designed with total 188 hp (140 kW) in hybrid mode delivered by a 2.0-liter Atkinson cycle four-cylinder gasoline engine plus an electric motor powered by a 7.6 kWhlithium-ion battery pack, which is smaller and lighter than nickel metal hydride batteries used in previous Ford generation hybrids. The electric drivetrain can produce a peak power of 68 kW, limited by the size of the electric motor and the power delivery capability of the battery pack, and delivers a total system power of 195 hp (150 kW) in charge-depleting mode (EV mode). The C-Max Energi is capable of reaching a top electric-only speed of 85 mph (137 km/h), exceeding the Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid by more than 20 mph (32 km/h). The top speed in hybrid mode is 115 mph (185 km/h).
The C-Max Energi uses a regenerative braking system capable of capturing and reusing more than 95% of the braking energy normally lost during the braking process. The charging time for the C-Max Energi is 7 hours with a 120 volt charger, and 2.5 hours with a 240 volt charger. The charge port has a LED light ring like the Ford Focus Electric and is located on the driver’s side and near the front of the car. The light ring illuminates to indicate charge status. The battery is covered by an eight years or 100,000 mi (160,000 km) component warranty.
Ford equipped the C-Max Energi with a button mounted in the center stack that enables drivers to choose an electric-only driving mode, and allows the driver to switch vehicle operation between three modes: electric-only driving without gasoline engine power ("EV Now" setting); normal hybrid mode where the powertrain blends electric and gasoline engine power as appropriate ("EV Auto" setting); or a battery-saving mode that reserves the battery power for later use ("EV Later" setting). Like the Ford Fusion Hybrid, the C-Max Energi comes with a SmartGauge with EcoGuide that provides in-vehicle customizable displays, including instantaneous fuel economy readings and coaching functions to help drivers understand and optimize their fuel efficiency. The plug-in hybrid also features ECO Cruise which saves energy by relaxing acceleration compared to standard cruise control.
Ford designed the C-Max Energi plug-in hybrid to deliver better miles per gallon equivalent (MPG-e) in all-electric mode than the Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid. Initially, the EPA rated the Energi combined city/highway fuel economy in all-electric mode at 100 MPG-e (2.4 L/100 km). Later, when owners complained of not achieving the sticker fuel economy, and following a technical review, the official EPA rating in EV mode was downgraded to 88 MPG-e (2.7 L/100 km). In a similar way, initially the EPA rating in hybrid-gasoline mode was 43 mpg‑US (5.5 L/100 km; 52 mpg‑imp), but it was later downgraded to 38 mpg‑US (6.2 L/100 km; 46 mpg‑imp). EPA's rating for combined EV/hybrid operation is 51 MPG-e (4.6 L gasoline equivalent/100 km), which allows the C-Max Energi to rank in sixth place, together with the Fusion Energi, among the top ten EPA-Rated Fuel Sippers since 1984.
The C-Max Energi has an all-electric range of 20 mi (32 km), for a total EPA certified range of 550 mi (890 km), which in 2012 surpassed both the generation 1 Chevrolet Volt (380 mi (610 km)), and the Prius Plug-in Hybrid (540 mi (870 km)).
Ford released the C-Max Energi in the U.S. market by mid October 2012, and during that month 144 units were delivered to U.S. retail customers, and ended with 2,374 units delivered in 2012. The C-Max Energi ranked as the fifth top selling plug-in electric car in the U.S. during 2013, and climbed to number fourth in 2014. Over 35,700 units have been sold in North America and Europe through December 2016, with 33,509 units delivered in the U.S. through December 2016, 967 units in Canada through December 2016, and 1,229 in the Netherlands in 2015.
C-Max Solar Energi concept
Ford Motor Company announced the C-MAX Solar Energi concept, a solar PV-powered vehicle to run electrically without depending on the electric grid for fuel. The C-MAX Solar Energi Concept was unveiled at the 2014 International CES in Las Vegas. This is a collaborative project of Ford, SunPower Corp. and the Georgia Institute of Technology.
For the North American market, the C-Max Hybrid was assembled alongside the 2012 Focus and Ford Focus Electric at Ford's Wayne plant in Michigan. The C-Max Energi was also assembled in Michigan. Since 2015, all European versions are built in the Saarlouis Body & Assembly, Germany. Ford of Europe announced that it would end production of both the C-Max and Grand C-Max in Germany by the end of the second quarter of 2019.
In Europe, the C-Max is designed with lower VOC and allergens, along with several other Ford vehicles.
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- ^Trudell, Craig (30 December 2013). "Ford Widens U.S. Sales Lead Over Toyota on Hybrid Models". Bloomberg. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- ^ abcJeff Cobb (2015-01-06). "December 2014 Dashboard". HybridCars.com and Baum & Associates. Retrieved 2015-08-08.See section "December 2014 Plug-in Hybrid Car Sales Numbers"
- ^ abCobb, Jeff (2016-01-06). "December 2015 Dashboard". HybridCars.com and Baum & Associates. Retrieved 2016-03-20.See section "December 2015 Plug-in Hybrid Car Sales Numbers"
- ^Jake Holmes (2012-12-04). "We Hear: 2013 Ford Fusion Hybrid, C-Max Hybrid Don't Achieve EPA Fuel-Economy Ratings". Motor Trend. Retrieved 2012-12-24.
- ^ abcConsumer Reports (2012-12-06). "Tests show Ford Fusion, C-Max hybrids don't live up to 47-mpg claims". Consumer Reports. Archived from the original on 2013-04-14. Retrieved 2012-12-24.
- ^ abJohn Voelcker (2012-11-20). "Ford Hybrids' Fuel Economy Failing To Live Up To EPA Ratings?". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2012-12-24.
- ^ abJerry Hirsch (2012-12-06). "Consumer Reports says Ford Fusion, C-Max don't achieve MPG claims". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-12-24.
- ^ abDavid Shepardson and Karl Henkel (2012-12-08). "EPA will review Ford C-Max, Fusion 47 mpg claims". The Detroit News. Archived from the original on 2013-01-22. Retrieved 2012-12-24.
- ^Woodyard, Chris. "Ford lowers C-Max hybrid's mpg rating, offers rebates". USA Today. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- ^KARL HENKEL (2012-12-14). "Ford stands behind fuel efficiency numbers for C-Max Hybrid". The Detroit News. Archived from the original on 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2012-12-24.
- ^"Ford's math on hybrid fuel economy; standing by the C-MAX EPA ratings, acknowledging large real-world variance". Green Car Congress. 2012-12-15. Retrieved 2012-12-24.
- ^Bill Vlasic (2013-08-15). "U.S. to Bring Gas Mileage Rules to Era of Hybrids". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
- ^Kane, Mark (2017-11-10). "Ford C-Max Energi Production Comes To An End". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2019-05-17.
- ^ abcdU. S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2014-10-03). "Compare Side-by-Side - 2013/14 Ford C-Max Plug-in Hybrid and 2013/14 Ford Fusion Plug-in Hybrid". Fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2014-10-06.
- ^"2017 Ford C-Max Energi". NADAguides.com.
- ^"New Qualified Plug-in Electric Drive Motor Vehicles – Ford Motor Company". Internal Revenue Service. 2017-01-31. Retrieved 2017-04-06.
- ^Sebastian Blanco (2012-07-25). "Ford C-Max Energi plug-in hybrid priced at $33,745; or $29,995 after tax credit *UPDATED". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2012-07-24.
- ^ abcdPhilippe Crowe (2012-10-11). "108 City MPGe Rating For C-MAX Energi". HybridCars.com. Archived from the original on 2012-10-15. Retrieved 2012-10-11.
- ^Ford media (press release) (2012-07-20). "Ford expects 95 MPGe combined fuel economy, 20-mile all electric range from C-MAX Energi plug-in hybrid". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2012-07-21.
- ^Ford Motor Company (2012-11-08). "Ford C-MAX Energi: Most Range, More Efficiency and Affordability Than Any Plug-in Hybrid". Media Ford. Archived from the original on 2012-11-11. Retrieved 2012-12-02.EPA ratings in MPG-e for combine, city and highway cycles.
- ^Sebastian Blanco. "Ford C-Max Energi plug-in hybrid rated at 100 MPGe, combined". Autoblog Greendate=2012-10-11. Retrieved 2012-10-11.See details in Press Release.
- ^U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2014-10-10). "Fueleconomy.gov's Top Ten EPA-Rated Fuel Sippers (1984 to present) - All Years". fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2014-10-11.Excludes all-electric vehicles. Click on the tab "EPA Rated - All Years. The 2013-2014 Fusion/C-Max Energi has a combined electric/hybrid fuel economy of 51 MPG-e, 55 MPG-e in city and 46 MPG-e in highway.
- ^Jim Motavalli (2012-10-11). "Ford C-Max Energi Plug-in Hybrid Is Certified at 620 Miles of Range". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- ^HybridCars.com and Baum & Associates (2012-11-04). "October 2012 Dashboard". HybridCars.com. Archived from the original on 2012-11-06. Retrieved 2012-11-04.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ford C-Max.|
While comfortable and competent, the C-Max's high EPA-estimated fuel-economy numbers are basically fantasy. When Ford introduced the C-Max hybrid to the U.S. market for 2013, it felt modern and virtuous, a glimpse at what a greener future could look like. In the years since its introduction, the industry has moved much closer to that efficient future while the C-Max has rested on its laurels. It has skated by with only minor updates in the face of upgrades from competition such as the Chevrolet Bolt EV and the Hyundai Ioniq. There are still things we like about the C-Max: it's more fun to drive than most hybrids thanks to the underpinnings it shares with the nimble Ford Focus, and the cargo hold has more space than many sedans. But with lackluster fuel economy and outdated styling, its futuristic luster has paled to near irrelevance.
What's New for 2018?
Rumors are flying that Ford will end U.S. sales of the C-Max at the end of 2018. The plug-in Energi version was discontinued at the end of the 2017 model year, leaving the C-Max hybrid to soldier on alone unchanged from 2017.
Ford C-Max Pricing and Which One to Buy
With no plug-in model on the menu and only two available trim levels for the remaining hybrid, there aren't many decisions to make when buying a C-Max. The lineup starts with the SE trim, but we'd choose the ritzier Titanium model for its quasi-luxurious interior touches. That trim includes niceties such as leather seating, heated front seats, the Sync3 infotainment system, and rear parking sensors.
Engine, Transmission, and Performance
Likes: Speedier than most other hybrids, refined powertrain, athletic chassis.
Dislikes: Not as efficient as rivals, lackluster cornering grip, top-heavy feeling in corners.
The C-Max hybrid powertrain is refined and well-integrated, and the transition from electric power to gasoline operation is practically seamless. We'd prefer if the C-Max were either zippy or hyper-efficient instead of occupying an unsatisfying middle ground. The powertrain consists of a continuously variable automatic transmission (CVT), a 2.0-liter four-cylinder gas engine, two electric motors, a battery pack, and front-wheel drive. At our test track, the C-Max managed a 7.9-second zero-to-60-mph run; that's quick for a hybrid, but we'd never call it enthusiastic.
The C-Max rides on the same platform as the athletic Ford Focus, and many of the Focus's desirable driving characteristics shine through. Steering responses are accurate, and effort is pleasantly hefty. The tall C-Max leans a bit in corners, and its performance on the skidpad—a test designed more to measure a car's ability to hold the road when cornering than how it feels while doing it—was just okay.
Fuel Economy and Real-World MPG
The C-Max struggles to match other hybrids for efficiency. It has the lowest EPA ratings among its rivals and doesn't come close to cresting 50 mpg in any metric, a mark the competition such as the Ioniq and the Toyota Prius vault over with ease. On our real-world highway fuel-economy test route, the C-Max delivered a lackluster 33 mpg.
Interior, Infotainment, and Cargo
Likes: Spacious and comfortable interior, simple infotainment setup, plenty of cargo room.
Dislikes: Dated interior design, bulky dash-mounted shifter, base infotainment system is basic.
The C-Max's interior is comfortable, but it's a generation behind Ford's newest offerings in its design, materials, and finishes. The center stack's layout in particular is beginning to look its age. Power-adjustable cloth seats are standard in the C-Max, but leather-trimmed front seats are standard in Titanium models. We had no qualms with the seats in the base SE model we tested, but the large, high-mounted shifter and mechanical parking brake in SE models take up much of the front row's choicest real estate.
Ford's Sync and Sync 3 systems are simple to use, and even the base-trim C-Max comes standard with plenty of power points. We wish Apple CarPlay and Android Auto were standard—they're optional—but Sync is still more intuitive than the standard offerings from many other automakers.
The C-Max is among the more spacious members of this class. Its hatchback body style means it has a large, tall cargo hold, and its in-cabin storage is ample. The C-Max's rear seats flip down easily using a lever mounted on the outboard side of each seat; they fold parallel to the floor and make a flat load surface. We managed to fit six carry-on suitcases behind the rear seat and a whopping 20 with the rear seats folded.
Safety and Driver-Assistance Features
The C-Max fared well in National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and Insurance Institute for Highway Safety tests but missed out on top marks from both agencies. Compared with others in the class, the C-Max's driver-assistance technology offerings are sparse. Key safety features include:
- Available blind-spot monitoring
- Available rear cross-traffic alert
- Available self-parking feature
Warranty and Maintenance Coverage
Ford's warranty coverage is about average but can't compete with the complimentary scheduled maintenance offered by the Prius. Hyundai's battery warranty for the Ioniq is good for the lifetime of the vehicle, but only as long as the vehicle remains in the possession of the first owner.
- Limited warranty covers 3 years or 36,000 miles
- Powertrain warranty covers 5 years or 60,000 miles
- Hybrid component warranty covers 8 years or 100,000 miles
- No complimentary scheduled maintenance
Ford C-Max Features and Specs
8-Way Driver Seat
8-Way Passenger Seat
60-40 Folding Split-Bench Front Facing Fold Forward Seatback Leather Rear Seat
Manual Tilt/Telescoping Steering Column
Gauges -inc: Speedometer, Odometer, Tachometer, Traction Battery Level, Power/Regen, Traction Battery Temperature, Trip Odometer and Trip Computer
Power Rear Windows and Fixed 3rd Row Windows
Leather/Metal-Look Steering Wheel
2 12V DC Power Outlets
Remote Keyless Entry w/Integrated Key Transmitter, Illuminated Entry and Panic Button
Remote Releases -Inc: Power Cargo Access and Power Fuel
Proximity Key For Doors And Push Button Start
Cruise Control w/Steering Wheel Controls
Dual Zone Front Automatic Air Conditioning
HVAC -inc: Underseat Ducts and Console Ducts
Illuminated Glove Box
Driver Foot Rest
Interior Trim -inc: Metal-Look Instrument Panel Insert, Metal-Look Door Panel Insert, Metal-Look Console Insert and Chrome/Metal-Look Interior Accents
Full Cloth Headliner
Heated Leather-Trimmed Front Bucket Seats -inc: 10-way power driver and passenger seats (fore/aft, up/down, tilt, recline, 2-way power lumbar) and 2 4-way adjustable head restraints
Leatherette Door Trim Insert
Leather/Metal-Look Gear Shifter Material
Driver And Passenger Visor Vanity Mirrors w/Driver And Passenger Illumination
Day-Night Auto-Dimming Rearview Mirror
Full Floor Console w/Covered Storage, Mini Overhead Console w/Storage, 2 12V DC Power Outlets and 1 120V AC Power Outlet
Front Map Lights
Fade-To-Off Interior Lighting
Full Carpet Floor Covering -inc: Carpet Front And Rear Floor Mats
Carpet Floor Trim
Cargo Area Concealed Storage
Roll-Up Cargo Cover
Cargo Features -inc: Spare Tire Mobility Kit
Cargo Space Lights
FOB Controls -inc: Cargo Access and Remote Engine Start
Interior Concealed Storage, Driver / Passenger And Rear Door Bins, 2nd Row Underseat Storage and Audio Media Storage
Power 1st Row Windows w/Front And Rear 1-Touch Up/Down
Delayed Accessory Power
Power Door Locks w/Autolock Feature
Outside Temp Gauge
Manual Adjustable Rear Head Restraints
2 Seatback Storage Pockets
Seats w/Leatherette Back Material
Front Center Armrest and Rear Center Armrest
Securilock Anti-Theft Ignition (pats) Engine Immobilizer
2 12V DC Power Outlets and 1 120V AC Power Outlet
Max hybrid c
.Ford C-Max Hybrid Review - 2013-2019
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