Wilshire 5000 Total Market Index
What Is the Wilshire 5000 Total Market Index?
The Wilshire 5000 Total Market Index (TMWX) is a broad-based market capitalization-weighted index composed of 3,451 publicly traded companies that meet the following criteria:
- The companies are headquartered in the United States.
- The stocks are listed and actively traded on a U.S. stock exchange.
- The stocks have pricing information that is widely available to the public.
- The Wilshire 5000 Total Market Index is the broadest stock market index of publicly traded American corporations.
- It is often used as a benchmark for the entirety of the U.S. stock market, and is widely regarded as the best single measure of the overall U.S. equity market.
- The Wilshire 5000 actually contains around 3,500 stocks but did hold 5,000 when it was first introduced in 1974.
Understanding the Wilshire 5000
Named for the nearly 5,000 stocks it contained at launch, the Wilshire 5000 grew to a high count of 7,562 on July 31, 1998. Since then, the count fell steadily to 3,776 as of December 31, 2013, where it has then bounced back to 3,818 as of September 30, 2014. As of 2019, the index held 3,492 stocks. The last time the Wilshire 5000 actually contained 5,000 or more companies was December 29, 2005. As with all market capitalization-weighted indices, the Wilshire overweights companies with a higher firm value and underweights those with a lower firm value. This is one of the broadest indexes and is designed to track the overall performance of the American stock markets. Its ticker symbol is TMWX or W5000.
Wilshire actually maintains three versions of the index: one fully market-cap weighted, one float-adjusted, and one equal-weighted.
The Wilshire 5000 is therefor a broad-based market index. A broad-based index is designed to reflect the movement of an entire market. If you really want to measure the "total market", you would be best advised to check out the Wilshire Total Market Index. Although it does not include every publicly traded company, it does include a lot more than the other indices which people often refer to as "the market".
History of the Wilshire 5000 Total Market Index
The Wilshire 5000 Total Market Index was established by the Wilshire Associates in 1974 and was renamed the "Dow Jones Wilshire 5000" in April 2004, after Dow Jones & Company took over the index. On March 31, 2009, the index returned to Wilshire Associates when the partnership with Dow Jones was terminated.
When it started, the value of the index was 1404.60 points on base date December 31, 1980, with a total market capitalization of $1,404.596 billion. On that date, each point on the index was equal to $1 billion, but divisor adjustments due to corporate actions and index composition changes have changed the relationship over time.
The index increased more than 10 times over in less than twenty years, closing at a record high of 14,751.64 points on March 24, 2000. That level wasn't surpassed until February 20, 2007.
On April 20, 2007, the index closed above 15,000 for the first time. On that day, the S&P 500 was still several percentage points below its March 2000 high, because small cap issues absent from the S&P 500 and included in the Wilshire 5000 outperformed the large cap issues that dominate the S&P 500 during the cyclical bull market. The index reached an all-time high on October 9, 2007 at the 15,806.69 point level, right before the onset of The Great Recession.
On October 8, 2007, the Wilshire 5000 closed below 10,000 for the first time since 2003. The index continued trading downward towards a 13-year low, reaching a bottom of 6,858.43 points, on March 9, 2009, representing a loss of about $10.9 trillion in market capitalization from its highs in 2007.
The Wilshire 5000 hit its first intraday high over 20,000 points on February 28, 2014. On March 4, the index closed above this milestone for the first time. On July 1, 2014, the index closed above the 21,000 level for the first time. As of January 2, 2020, the index hit a new record high above 33,250.
Other Broad Market Indexes
The Wilshire 5000 may still be the most widely-cited broad based market index, but several other important broad indices also exist, such as the CRSP US Total Market Index
The Dow Jones U.S. Total Market Index (DWCF) is a market-capitalization-weighted index that Dow Jones Indexes maintains that provides broad-based coverage of the U.S. stock market. The Dow Jones U.S. Market Index, considered a total market index, represents the top 95% of the U.S. stock market based on market capitalization.
The Russell 3000 Index is another market-capitalization-weighted equity index maintained by FTSE Russell that provides exposure to the entire U.S. stock market. The index tracks the performance of the 3,000 largest U.S.-traded stocks which represent about 98% of all U.S incorporated equity securities.
The Wilshire 5000: Invest In The Entire U.S. Stock Market
When market analysts talk about the stock market, they’re always mentioning the Nasdaq, the Dow and the S&P 500. While these three indexes are the most common stand-ins for the entire stock market, there’s another option that truly fits the bill: the Wilshire 5000.
What Is the Wilshire 5000?
The Wilshire 5000 is an index that tracks the performance of the entire U.S. stock market. Unlike other proxies for the market that may contain as few as 30 stocks, the Wilshire 5000 holds thousands at any given time to try to truly replicate the whole market.
That means it’s an enormous index. In fact, its total market value was $46 trillion as of late September 2021. That’s almost $8 trillion more than the S&P 500, which tracks about a 10th of the companies.
Wilshire maintains three different versions of the index, each of which is weighted slightly differently:
- Full market capitalization: With the full market capitalization model, companies are weighted based on their market cap, or the total value of their outstanding shares.
- Float-adjusted market capitalization: Float-adjusted market capitalization uses companies’ market cap but only counts the shares available for purchase on the open market.
- Equal weight: With an equal weight index, the index invests an equal amount into each security. Each company has the same level of importance and impact on the index’s performance, no matter their size.
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SoFi Automated Investing
Wilshire 5000 Companies
Despite its name, the Wilshire 5000 does not track 5,000 equities. The actual count of securities that it tracks changes over time. Since the Wilshire 5000 Index’s inception, index membership has fluctuated. For example, there were over 7,500 companies in the index as of 1998. Today, that number has dropped to about 3,500. The composition of the index is reviewed and adjusted monthly.
To be included in the Wilshire 5000, companies must be publicly traded and have their headquarters in the United States. As the index aims to replicate the economy on the whole, companies included in the index can range in size and market capitalization and be from any industry.
For example, Apple, the biggest company within the index, has a market capitalization of $2.117 trillion. By contrast, Westell Technologies—one of the smallest companies within the index—has a market capitalization of just $8 million.
As of Sept. 27, 2021, the largest companies in the Wilshire 5000 Index (by percentage of their net assets occupy of the index’s total) are:
You can view the full list of the members of the Wilshire 5000 on the Wilshire website.
Wilshire 5000 vs Other Market Indices
While the Wilshire 5000 is the most comprehensive of the market indices, there are several other indexes to consider when evaluating the market:
Unlike the Wilshire 5000, the S&P 500 is relatively narrow in scope. It tracks the share prices of 500 of the largest public companies in the United States. To be included in the S&P 500, companies must have outstanding shares worth over $10 billion.
The Nasdaq 100 measures just 100 companies traded on the Nasdaq exchange. Unlike the Wilshire 5000, it includes both domestic and international companies, but it doesn’t include financial organizations.
Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA)
The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) is the most narrow of the indices, tracking just 30 stocks. It measures the performance of blue-chip stocks, meaning large companies that historically have performed well and demonstrated growth.
The Russell 3000 measures the performance of 3,000 of the largest U.S. stocks and gives exposure to the total stock market. It is the most similar to the Wilshire 5000 of the indexes listed.
Wilshire 5000 Returns vs Major Market Indexes
How to Invest in the Wilshire 5000
While you can invest in individual stocks in the index, diversifying your portfolio according to the Wilshire 5000 can be overwhelming—and expensive. You’d have to buy shares of thousands of equities, and managing and rebalancing your portfolio on your own would be immensely difficult.
Another option is to invest in index funds, one-stop-shop investment vehicles that aim to mimic the performance of a particular index. That said, Wilshire 5000 index funds are less common than funds that track other indexes, in part because of the massive scale of the index and lower liquidity of smaller companies in the index, according to etf.com. You also may experience slightly more volatility with a Wilshire 5000 fund, given the amount of mid- and small-cap stocks it has.
Funds that track the index, parts of it or similar total-market indexes include:
- Schwab Total Stock Market Index (SWTSX)
- Wilshire 5000 Index Fund (WINDX)
- Wilshire 5000 Index Portfolio Investment Class Shares (WFIVX)
- Vanguard Total Stock Market ETF (VTI)
Should You Invest in the Wilshire 5000?
If you’re looking to invest in all of the stock market, it might be hard to find a more comprehensive all-in-one investment than a Wilshire 5000 index fund. But keep a few things in mind:
Watch out for expense ratios. While index funds charge lower fees overall, less common indexes, like the Wilshire 5000, tend to have higher costs than you might find with an S&P 500 fund. And their size doesn’t guarantee superior returns that might justify those higher fees.
You may not get as much exposure to small- and mid-cap companies as you want. Even with a fund that tracks the whole stock market, your investment will still likely skew very heavily toward large companies. Remember: The S&P 500 has about 80% of the market capitalization of the Wilshire 5000. This means those companies will represent the vast majority of the latter in a market-capitalization-weighted index fund. If you want exposure to small and mid caps, you may be better served by index funds expressly tailored to those.
If you’re not sure what investments are best for you, consider consulting with a financial advisor to discuss your needs and develop a personalized investment plan.
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Units: Index, Not Seasonally Adjusted
Frequency: Daily, Close
The observations for the Wilshire 5000 Total Market Full Cap Index represent the daily index value at market close. The market typically closes at 4 PM ET, except for holidays when it sometimes closes early.
The total market indexes are total market returns, which do include reinvested dividends. The designation Full Cap for an index signifies a float adjusted market capitalization that includes shares of stock not considered available to "ordinary" investors. Copyright, 2016, Wilshire Associates Incorporated. Reprinted with permission. For more information about the various indexes, visit Wilshire Associates.
Wilshire Associates, Wilshire 5000 Total Market Full Cap Index [WILL5000INDFC], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/WILL5000INDFC, October 20, 2021.
Currency in USD
|Oct 20, 2021||47,060.00||47,285.12||47,059.96||47,203.91||47,203.91||-|
|Oct 19, 2021||46,736.86||47,088.39||46,736.86||47,059.96||47,059.96||-|
|Oct 18, 2021||46,547.78||46,755.38||46,341.14||46,736.86||46,736.86||-|
|Oct 15, 2021||46,270.78||46,627.02||46,270.78||46,547.78||46,547.78||-|
|Oct 14, 2021||45,531.00||46,290.51||45,531.00||46,270.78||46,270.78||-|
|Oct 13, 2021||45,332.55||45,606.39||45,157.37||45,531.00||45,531.00||-|
|Oct 12, 2021||45,339.18||45,540.20||45,246.10||45,332.55||45,332.55||-|
|Oct 11, 2021||45,654.56||45,916.49||45,338.00||45,339.18||45,339.18||-|
|Oct 08, 2021||45,785.42||45,912.31||45,624.53||45,654.56||45,654.56||-|
|Oct 07, 2021||45,346.26||46,077.97||45,346.26||45,785.42||45,785.42||-|
|Oct 06, 2021||45,178.85||45,363.31||44,611.15||45,346.26||45,346.26||-|
|Oct 05, 2021||44,737.20||45,407.31||44,737.20||45,178.85||45,178.85||-|
|Oct 04, 2021||45,362.75||45,362.75||44,527.87||44,737.20||44,737.20||-|
|Oct 01, 2021||44,850.03||45,549.04||44,633.39||45,362.75||45,362.75||-|
|Sep 30, 2021||45,332.09||45,573.57||44,846.84||44,850.03||44,850.03||-|
|Sep 29, 2021||45,313.82||45,642.50||45,294.31||45,332.09||45,332.09||-|
|Sep 28, 2021||46,299.73||46,299.73||45,272.41||45,313.82||45,313.82||-|
|Sep 27, 2021||46,361.23||46,426.91||46,171.94||46,299.73||46,299.73||-|
|Sep 24, 2021||46,339.34||46,446.70||46,144.40||46,361.23||46,361.23||-|
|Sep 23, 2021||45,769.73||46,496.34||45,769.73||46,339.34||46,339.34||-|
|Sep 22, 2021||45,326.45||45,996.23||45,326.45||45,769.73||45,769.73||-|
|Sep 21, 2021||45,304.04||45,708.70||45,212.72||45,326.45||45,326.45||-|
|Sep 20, 2021||46,143.71||46,143.71||44,760.60||45,304.04||45,304.04||-|
|Sep 17, 2021||46,491.27||46,496.87||46,064.06||46,143.71||46,143.71||-|
|Sep 16, 2021||46,504.55||46,621.56||46,184.11||46,491.27||46,491.27||-|
|Sep 15, 2021||46,108.27||46,562.71||46,048.25||46,504.55||46,504.55||-|
|Sep 14, 2021||46,420.76||46,582.57||46,029.33||46,108.27||46,108.27||-|
|Sep 13, 2021||46,344.48||46,660.16||46,199.55||46,420.76||46,420.76||-|
|Sep 10, 2021||46,705.43||46,982.74||46,337.02||46,344.48||46,344.48||-|
|Sep 09, 2021||46,859.15||47,057.69||46,704.65||46,705.43||46,705.43||-|
|Sep 08, 2021||47,011.31||47,011.31||46,649.41||46,859.15||46,859.15||-|
|Sep 07, 2021||47,198.27||47,198.27||46,966.41||47,011.31||47,011.31||-|
|Sep 03, 2021||47,208.42||47,245.58||47,060.10||47,198.27||47,198.27||-|
|Sep 02, 2021||47,044.69||47,277.19||47,044.69||47,208.42||47,208.42||-|
|Sep 01, 2021||46,979.63||47,186.47||46,979.63||47,044.69||47,044.69||-|
|Aug 31, 2021||47,046.57||47,056.81||46,899.79||46,979.63||46,979.63||-|
|Aug 30, 2021||46,877.90||47,137.99||46,877.90||47,046.57||47,046.57||-|
|Aug 27, 2021||46,380.72||46,918.80||46,380.72||46,877.90||46,877.90||-|
|Aug 26, 2021||46,685.30||46,693.93||46,364.20||46,380.72||46,380.72||-|
|Aug 25, 2021||46,563.46||46,751.16||46,546.74||46,685.30||46,685.30||-|
|Aug 24, 2021||46,381.83||46,626.53||46,381.83||46,563.46||46,563.46||-|
|Aug 23, 2021||45,908.66||46,468.01||45,908.66||46,381.83||46,381.83||-|
|Aug 20, 2021||45,498.26||45,929.37||45,498.26||45,908.66||45,908.66||-|
|Aug 19, 2021||45,556.49||45,658.20||45,204.66||45,498.26||45,498.26||-|
|Aug 18, 2021||45,999.98||46,081.24||45,534.83||45,556.49||45,556.49||-|
|Aug 17, 2021||46,360.03||46,360.03||45,668.68||45,999.98||45,999.98||-|
|Aug 16, 2021||46,378.57||46,378.57||45,970.54||46,360.03||46,360.03||-|
|Aug 13, 2021||46,366.23||46,410.94||46,319.79||46,378.57||46,378.57||-|
|Aug 12, 2021||46,248.91||46,377.43||46,111.54||46,366.23||46,366.23||-|
|Aug 11, 2021||46,145.01||46,266.44||46,062.00||46,248.91||46,248.91||-|
|Aug 10, 2021||46,125.27||46,251.52||46,093.89||46,145.01||46,145.01||-|
|Aug 09, 2021||46,143.35||46,202.89||46,000.24||46,125.27||46,125.27||-|
|Aug 06, 2021||46,105.68||46,245.69||46,053.88||46,143.35||46,143.35||-|
|Aug 05, 2021||45,762.51||46,107.70||45,762.51||46,105.68||46,105.68||-|
|Aug 04, 2021||45,957.97||45,957.97||45,736.86||45,762.51||45,762.51||-|
|Aug 03, 2021||45,648.34||45,959.21||45,425.03||45,957.97||45,957.97||-|
|Aug 02, 2021||45,708.00||45,975.87||45,617.49||45,648.34||45,648.34||-|
|Jul 30, 2021||46,003.00||46,003.00||45,651.27||45,708.00||45,708.00||-|
|Jul 29, 2021||45,830.74||46,164.25||45,830.74||46,003.00||46,003.00||-|
|Jul 28, 2021||45,744.25||45,989.46||45,668.01||45,830.74||45,830.74||-|
|Jul 27, 2021||46,039.64||46,039.64||45,411.17||45,744.25||45,744.25||-|
|Jul 26, 2021||45,940.78||46,040.82||45,897.61||46,039.64||46,039.64||-|
|Jul 23, 2021||45,491.54||45,970.81||45,491.54||45,940.78||45,940.78||-|
|Jul 22, 2021||45,463.69||45,537.33||45,308.44||45,491.54||45,491.54||-|
|Jul 21, 2021||45,045.00||45,469.08||45,045.00||45,463.69||45,463.69||-|
|Jul 20, 2021||44,271.94||45,192.60||44,271.94||45,045.00||45,045.00||-|
|Jul 19, 2021||44,920.28||44,920.28||43,997.48||44,271.94||44,271.94||-|
|Jul 16, 2021||45,247.49||45,431.75||44,872.05||44,920.28||44,920.28||-|
|Jul 15, 2021||45,410.74||45,410.74||45,001.20||45,247.49||45,247.49||-|
|Jul 14, 2021||45,513.60||45,762.47||45,333.74||45,410.74||45,410.74||-|
|Jul 13, 2021||45,789.39||45,799.54||45,494.57||45,513.60||45,513.60||-|
|Jul 12, 2021||45,684.89||45,800.75||45,612.97||45,789.39||45,789.39||-|
|Jul 09, 2021||45,112.81||45,701.02||45,112.81||45,684.89||45,684.89||-|
|Jul 08, 2021||45,502.78||45,502.78||44,705.52||45,112.81||45,112.81||-|
|Jul 07, 2021||45,453.09||45,595.88||45,212.07||45,502.78||45,502.78||-|
|Jul 06, 2021||45,563.39||45,596.92||45,146.46||45,453.09||45,453.09||-|
|Jul 02, 2021||45,313.76||45,594.19||45,313.76||45,563.39||45,563.39||-|
|Jul 01, 2021||45,113.86||45,325.57||45,113.86||45,313.76||45,313.76||-|
|Jun 30, 2021||45,094.90||45,161.63||45,029.03||45,113.86||45,113.86||-|
|Jun 29, 2021||45,109.94||45,206.87||45,043.01||45,094.90||45,094.90||-|
|Jun 28, 2021||45,037.96||45,133.00||44,932.74||45,109.94||45,109.94||-|
|Jun 25, 2021||44,886.57||45,091.33||44,886.57||45,037.96||45,037.96||-|
|Jun 24, 2021||44,592.43||44,930.60||44,592.43||44,886.57||44,886.57||-|
|Jun 23, 2021||44,595.44||44,741.46||44,589.46||44,592.43||44,592.43||-|
|Jun 22, 2021||44,359.21||44,687.99||44,259.81||44,595.44||44,595.44||-|
|Jun 21, 2021||43,762.78||44,376.96||43,762.78||44,359.21||44,359.21||-|
|Jun 18, 2021||44,313.06||44,313.06||43,746.64||43,762.78||43,762.78||-|
|Jun 17, 2021||44,328.97||44,420.69||44,005.61||44,313.06||44,313.06||-|
|Jun 16, 2021||44,535.80||44,551.06||44,063.67||44,328.97||44,328.97||-|
|Jun 15, 2021||44,675.17||44,676.82||44,422.41||44,535.80||44,535.80||-|
|Jun 14, 2021||44,618.15||44,675.53||44,494.47||44,675.17||44,675.17||-|
|Jun 11, 2021||44,468.52||44,618.69||44,437.99||44,618.15||44,618.15||-|
|Jun 10, 2021||44,283.76||44,573.88||44,245.35||44,468.52||44,468.52||-|
|Jun 09, 2021||44,410.17||44,513.58||44,280.80||44,283.76||44,283.76||-|
|Jun 08, 2021||44,316.87||44,472.26||44,146.02||44,410.17||44,410.17||-|
|Jun 07, 2021||44,239.75||44,332.98||44,188.42||44,316.87||44,316.87||-|
|Jun 04, 2021||43,845.96||44,277.08||43,845.96||44,239.75||44,239.75||-|
|Jun 03, 2021||44,088.50||44,088.50||43,587.04||43,845.96||43,845.96||-|
|Jun 02, 2021||44,015.47||44,143.82||43,970.85||44,088.50||44,088.50||-|
|Jun 01, 2021||43,966.36||44,266.38||43,926.13||44,015.47||44,015.47||-|
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Stock market index
Parts of this article (those related to new all-time highs in 2020) need to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.(February 2020)
The Wilshire 5000 Total Market Index, or more simply the Wilshire 5000, is a market-capitalization-weighted index of the market value of all American-stocks actively traded in the United States. As of December 31, 2019, the index contained 3,473 components. The index is intended to measure the performance of most publicly traded companies headquartered in the United States, with readily available price data, (Bulletin Board/penny stocks and stocks of extremely small companies are excluded). Hence, the index includes a majority of the common stocks and REITs traded primarily through New York Stock Exchange, NASDAQ, or the American Stock Exchange. Limited partnerships and ADRs are not included. It can be tracked by following the ticker ^W5000.
- The Wilshire 5000 Total Market Index was established by the Wilshire Associates in 1974, naming it for the approximate number of issues it included at the time. It was renamed the "Dow Jones Wilshire 5000" in April 2004, after Dow Jones & Company assumed responsibility for its calculation and maintenance. On March 31, 2009 the partnership with Dow Jones was terminated and the index returned to Wilshire Associates.
- The base value for the index was 1404.60 points on base date December 31, 1980, when it had a total market capitalization of US$1,404.596 billion. On that date, each one-index-point change in the index was equal to $1 billion. However, index divisor adjustments due to corporate actions and index composition changes have changed the relationship over time, so that by 2005 each index point reflected a change of about $1.2 billion in the index's total market capitalization.
- The index increased tenfold in less than twenty years from its base date, peaking at a 20th-century closing record high of 14,751.64 points on March 24, 2000, a level that would not be surpassed until February 20, 2007. A hypothetical investment in the Wilshire 5000, made at the 2000 peak and with subsequent dividends reinvested, did not become profitable on a closing basis until October 3, 2006.
- On April 20, 2007, the index closed above 15,000 for the first time. On that day, the S&P 500 was still several percentage points below its March 2000 high, because small cap issues absent from the S&P 500 and included in the Wilshire 5000 outperformed the large cap issues that dominate the S&P 500 during the cyclical bull market. The index reached an all-time high on October 9, 2007 at the 15,806.69 point level, right before the onset of the Great Recession and the related financial crisis of 2007–08.
- Since late 2007, the expansion of subprime lending difficulties into a wider financial crisis plunged the United States into a renewed bear market that accelerated beginning on September 15, 2008. On October 8, the Wilshire 5000 closed below 10,000 for the first time since 2003. The index continued trading downward towards a 13-year low, reaching a bottom of 6,858.43 points, on March 9, 2009, representing a loss of about $10.9 trillion in market capitalization from its highs in 2007.
- The Wilshire 5000 gained approximately $2.5 trillion in market value during the first 11 months of 2009 while the index rose 2,105 points. Therefore, as of November 2009, each index point represented about $1.2 billion in market value.
- The index achieved a new highest yearly close on December 31, 2012, a few percent above those of 1999 and 2007, but failed to do so above the 15,000 level (after achieving it intraday) by fewer than 5 points, closing with 14,995.11 points. However, it continued to rise in the short term such that, on February 8, 2013, the index surpassed the 16,000 level for the first time. It would be the first of four 1000-point milestones that the index reached in 2013, as the index closed above 17,000 for the first time on May 3, 18,000 for the first time on August 1, and 19,000 for the first time on November 14. The Wilshire 5000 would close out 2013 on a record high, finishing the December 31, 2013 trading session at 19,706.03 points.
- On February 28, 2014, the Wilshire 5000 had its first intraday high over 20,000 points. On March 4, the index closed above this milestone for the first time. On July 1, 2014, the index closed above the 21,000 level for the first time; it would close above 25,000 for the first time in mid-2017.
- On August 24, 2018, the Wilshire 5000 had its first intraday high and its first closing over 30,000 points.
- In March 2020, the index closed below the 25,000 level for the first time since 2016.
- On January 7, 2021, the Wilshire 5000 had its first intraday high and its first closing over 40,000 points.
Record high values
|Highest Closing||Thursday September 2, 2021||47,055.62|
|Highest Intraday||Thursday September 2, 2021||47,286.87|
There are five versions of the index:
- Full capitalization total return
- Full capitalization price
- Float-adjusted total return
- Float-adjusted price
- Equal weight
The difference between the total return and price versions of the index is that the total return versions accounts for reinvestment of dividends. The difference between the full capitalization, float-adjusted, and equal weight versions is in how the index components are weighted. The full cap index uses the total shares outstanding for each company. The float-adjusted index uses shares adjusted for free float. The equal-weighted index assigns each security in the index the same weight.
- M = Number of issues included in the index;
- Pi = Price of one share of issue i included in the index;
- Ni = Number of shares of issue i for the full capitalization version, or the float of issue i for the float-adjusted version;
- = a fixed scaling factor.
The value of the index is then:
At present, one index point corresponds to a little more than US$1 billion of market capitalization.
The list of issues included in the index is updated monthly to add new listings resulting from corporate spin-offs and initial public offerings, and to remove issues which move to the pink sheets or that have ceased trading for at least 10 consecutive days.
The CRSP U.S. Total Market Index (ticker CRSPTM1) is a very similar comprehensive index of U.S. stocks supplied by the Center for Research in Security Prices. It was especially designed for use by index funds. After Dow Jones and Wilshire split up, Dow Jones made their own total stock market index, called the Dow Jones U.S. Total Stock Market Index, similar to the Wilshire 5000.
Of the popular indexes, the Wilshire 5000 has been found to be the best index to use as a benchmark for US stock valuations.
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